Nature has put in an inbuilt defense system in the human body. Thus defense system of the body is termed the immune system. The immune system helps the body to fight against germs, invaders, and pathogens. Life becomes secure with a healthy immune system. Failure in the immune system can have serious health consequences.
Important Functions of the Immune System
The immune system consists of white blood cells, antibodies, and lymph nodes. All get synchronized with each other for a common purpose to defend the body against the foreign invasion of germs. Some important functions of the immune system are
- To fight against germs (virus, bacteria, pathogens, and parasites) and their removal out of the body
- Recognition of the presence of harmful substances a consequent neutralization
- Recognition of abnormal cells and disease-causing changes in the body
Types of Immunity
There are two main subsystems of it. Both the Innate immune system and adaptive immune system work together in response to the fight against the invasion of germs and diseases.
The innate immune system also referred to as the non-specific immune system, employs phagocytes (eating cells) to fight and eat germs that enter the body. On the contrary, the adaptive immune system is also known as a specific immune system. It employs antibodies and uses them to fight specific germs.
Antibodies are antigen-specific. Based on the antigen (protein) found on the surface of the virus, bacteria, and other germs, consequent antibodies are produced to nullify its impact on the body. It is also called acquired or learned response.
Tips to Stay Healthy
Using some tips and following them can prove helpful for people with weak immunity. These steps can help boost immunity, and also some preventive measures can help protect the immunity system from severe health hazards
1. Good Hygiene
The chances to come across disease-causing germs (virus & bacteria) can be reduced to a possible minimal level by managing good hygiene. One of the ways is often, and frequent habit of washing hand. It is beneficial to wash hands:
- Before and after meals
- After sneezing, coughing, and blowing nose
- Before and after treating open wounds and cut
- When coming in contact with an ill person
- After touching garbage
- When touching animals or animal’s left food
- After helping the child using the washroom or changing the child’s diaper
Washing hands for an estimated time of 10-20 seconds can help wash out harmful germs. Hands are an easy source for germs to get into the body through the mouth and nose.
2. Avoid People with an Illness
People with weak immune systems should avoid coming across people suffering from an illness. It is important because many killing viruses and germs are highly contagious, i.e., they spread very quickly coming in contact with people.
3. Isolate During Pandemic
We are now living in a COVID-19 pandemic. For those with a weak immune system, it is very important to keep themselves isolated at home. Coming across will people having this deadly virus will pose serious dangers of leading this virus into the body. In order to secure from the hazards associated with a pandemic, it is important to take some safety measures
- Staying at home
- Washing hands on a frequent basis
- Managing 6 feet distance from others
- Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces more often
- Seeking medical assistance if some health issues occur
- Wearing a mask whenever moving outside the home
4. Follow Health Provider Advice On Vaccination
Vaccinations help the body to develop an adaptive immune system against diseases. It helps the body to make antibodies necessary to fight against specific diseases. However, people with a weak immune system must seek a doctor’s advice on which vaccination safe to take and what to avoid for a while.
Examples of some vaccinations that doctors might recommend to delay for those having immunity issues include MMR vaccine (measles and mumps), live flu vaccine, chickenpox vaccine, and vaccine for rabies.
5. Eat A Healthy Diet
A diet can provide all nutrients essential to boost the immune system and fight against germs. A balanced a healthy diet is thus an essential way to robust a weak immune system. Taking supplements is also helpful to cover deficiencies associated with diet. It can help the body regain some macro and micronutrients which are not adequately gained through diet.
A simple yet nutritious diet can help a lot in maintaining good health. Vegetables and fruits can prove a good option. Garlic, ginger, turmeric, and other foods are considered immunity boosters food their intake can help boost immunity. Likewise, it is essential to avoid the intake of unnecessary medications, alcohol, and smoking.
People with a weak immune system can become prone to chronic ailments if they do not give up on these habits. While giving up on alcohol addiction, a person can face withdrawal symptoms. If it is difficult to handle drug withdrawal symptoms, you can seek assistance.
6. Managing Stress
It is very important to minimize stress levels for those with a weak immune system. Stress levels can further weaken the immune system and put a person at a greater chance of getting ill. There are certain stress-releasing ways, and adopting can prove beneficial, such as yoga, meditation, massages, and indulging the mind in good hobbies.
7. Managing To Sleep Well
For adults, a sound sleep of about 7-8 hours is essential for maintaining overall health. Poor sleep and sleep deprivation can have the same effects as are those of stress. A sleep-deprived body will not be able to make Leukocytes (white blood cells), the main component of the immunity system, to fight against germs. Following a sleep schedule can help overcome sleep-related issues?
The immunity system is the body’s natural defense system and helps the body to fight against germs. People with weak immunity can make some changes in lifestyle to maintain and boost the immunity system. Some preventive measures can help the body to stay away from the unnecessary invasion of viruses and bacteria.